6Diabetes is a disease caused by high blood sugar levels in the body that affects people of all ages. Diabetes has many side effects and must be taken seriously and monitored closely. If you have diabetes, it is critical to take care of your eyes as having this disease can cause eye problems, and if not treated properly can lead to eye deterioration and possibly irreversible eye damage. In this article, I’ll explore 4 ways that diabetes can affect the eyes.
Diabetic retinopathy is probably the most common complication of diabetes and should be taken seriously as it can cause blindness. Diabetic retinopathy affects the retina, the back of the retina. The retina is part of the eye and converts the light we see into signals that are sent to the brain via the optic nerve, and then the brain processes it into the image we see. Diabetic retinopathy is caused by obstruction, leakage, or abnormal growth of small blood vessels in the retina due to high blood sugar levels. There are 3 types of diabetic retinopathy;
Background of diabetic retinopathy – this type is a very early change in the retina that usually does not affect vision, but must be carefully monitored to make sure it does not deteriorate
Diabetic Macular Degeneration – This type is when background diabetic retinopathy develops in or around the macula. The macula is essential for good vision because it can provide central vision. Having diabetic macular disease can affect vision.
Diabetic Proliferative Retinopathy – This type is caused when diabetic retinopathy worsens in the background. When the above two types of blood vessels are damaged or blocked in a large area, the blood supply to the retina will decrease. The body tries to compensate for this by growing new blood vessels on the surface of the retina, but these blood vessels are often very weak and bleed, which can affect vision. Bleeding can also cause scarring, which can put stress on the retina, which can cause the retina to detach. While it is possible to fix retinal detachment, it sometimes cannot be achieved, resulting in low vision or blindness.
Although cataract development is very common and part of the natural aging process, people with diabetes can develop cataracts earlier and more quickly. Cataracts are caused by aging of the eyes, which become cloudy and stiff. The symptoms of cataracts are often blurred vision, blinding or halos, especially at night. Cataracts are usually easily removed through cataract surgery, and an intraocular lens is implanted in place to restore vision.
Glaucoma is caused by increased intraocular pressure. When the fluid from the eyes cannot be discharged normally, the pressure increases. This can then damage the blood vessels and nerves in the eye, leading to reduced vision. if not properly monitored and treated, it can lead to blindness. If you have diabetes, you are more likely to get a rare form of glaucoma called neovascular glaucoma. This type of rare glaucoma is caused by the development and growth of new blood vessels on the iris (the iris is the colored part of the eye), which impedes the normal flow of eye fluid, increasing the internal pressure of the eye. Conventional types of glaucoma can be treated with eye drops and surgery if necessary, but neovascular glaucoma is difficult to treat and laser surgery or implants may be needed to control glaucoma.
Blurred vision can be caused by other factors such as cataracts, but if you have diabetes it can sometimes be caused by an imbalance in the blood sugar levels, which can be easily corrected. High blood sugar levels can cause the lens in your eyes to swell, which can lead to blurred vision. To solve this problem, you may just need to control and control blood sugar. It may take several months for blurred vision to disappear. If your vision is blurred, make an appointment with your doctor, optician, or eye clinic so they can make sure the situation is no longer serious.
Remember, if you have diabetes, you should check your eyes regularly. All diabetic patients over the age of 12 should be invited to undergo a diabetic eye screening every year, it is important not to miss this. Detecting diabetic eye disease early can reduce your vision problems